Well I must accept that although this post is titled "how to hammer a nail into a wall", in reality I would not use a hammer and actually not even a nail. However this is often the most common thing one has to do to hang up things around the house, be it a calendar, a clock or some painting.
What you will need is a drill, a good masonry drill bit, water, wood piece or plastic anchors, screws and a screwdriver. If hammering a nail is the DIY thing you do most of the time, then it is probably helpful to keep the whole set of things in a small bag.
To begin with determine if you are going to use plastic anchors or the traditional wood piece. Plastic anchors are much easier to work with and are hopefully easily available even in small towns. If not pick one up in a larger place when you can. If you need to use wood, using a knife gently shave off the wood to get a taper so that it fits into the hole.
|Masonry drill bit|
Drill : Preferably a hammer drill. It is noisier but quicker, especially if you are drilling through good quality cement.
|Wood/Steel drill bit|
Precaution : In days of concealed wiring and plumbing make sure that you are not anywhere near water pipes and wires. The last thing you would want is water gushing out of your hole or getting electrocuted. If you do not have access to the plans (as would be the case of most people), make an educated guess, looking at where the junction boxes are, the switches are and avoid these tracks. Be careful when drilling in a bathroom. Do not drill in the line just above a tap.
Mark the point where you want to drill and drill away. Now you can drill quite deep if you are not careful. A simple way of determining the depth you should drill is to place a small piece of tape on the drill bit as an indicator of depth. If your house has good cementing, the first bit of drilling is usually the most difficult until you enter the brick.
Water : I do not know if this is good practice, but this works for me. I do not have a very powerful drill. I stay in a house where the cementing is so strong that it is so difficult to drill into the wall. When I feel I am making no headway, I dip the tip of the bit in water and insert it back into the hole. This kind of makes the drilling wet. Only a little bit of water, two or three times and I am able to drill a hole.
Place your plastic anchors into this hole. Screw in the screw using a screwdriver to the depth needed.
|Never use a hammer on a screw|
|PVC Anchor snug in the hole|
Do not hammer a screw. I personally feel hammering a screw is the mark of shoddy workmanship.
If you do have access to stainless steel screws use them wherever you can. They are more expensive but will not rust.
Precaution : Do not attempt to hammer a nail into very old buildings where the plaster is chipping off. As you drill you will make a large embarrassing hole in the plaster.
|The final screw|
|Hang it up|